Biogas

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Biogas can be produced from raw materials such as agricultural waste, manure, municipal waste, plant material, sewage, green waste or food waste. Biogas is a renewable energy source. … Biogas can be cleaned and upgraded to natural gas standards, when it becomes bio-methane.

What is biogas

Biogas is a clean and efficient fuel. Biogas is produced from Cattle Dung, Human Excreta and other organic matter in Biogas plant through a process called ‘Digestion’. Biogas contains 55% to 60% methane which is inflammable. It also contains 30% to 35% carbon dioxide and traces of Nitrogen, Hydrogen and Water. Bio slurry which is bye product has manurial value than farm yard manure

Objective

  • To provide fuel for cooking purposes and organic manure to rural households through family type biogas plants
  • To mitigate drudgery of rural women ,reduce pressure on forests and accentuate social benefits
  • To improve sanitation in villages by linking sanitary toilets with biogas plants

Usage of biogas

Cooking :

Biogas can be used in a specially designed burner for cooking. A biogas plant of 2 cum. capacity is sufficient for providing cooking fuel to a family of 4 members.

Lighting :    

Gas lamps can be fueled by biogas. The requirement of gas   for powering a 100 candle lamp (60 W) is 0.13 cum. per hour.

Power Generation :

Biogas can be used to operate a dual fuel engine and can replace upto 80% of   diesel.

Subsidy

(1). Central Subsidy :

Capacity of the Biogas plant (Cum)General (Rs.)Additional for attaching toilet (Rs.)
1 to 250001000
3 to 69000

(2). Turn-Key Job Fee : The amount of turn-key job fee is Rs. 1500/- per plant with guarantee of five years from the date of installation.

(3). Repair charges for old non-functional plants:  Financial support is given up to a maximum of 50 per cent of the rate of Central subsidy as applicable for a given category of beneficiary and area for repair of plants, which have been