Biogas can be produced from raw materials such as agricultural waste, manure, municipal waste, plant material, sewage, green waste or food waste. Biogas is a renewable energy source. … Biogas can be cleaned and upgraded to natural gas standards, when it becomes bio-methane.
What is biogas
Biogas is a clean and efficient fuel. Biogas is produced from Cattle Dung, Human Excreta and other organic matter in Biogas plant through a process called ‘Digestion’. Biogas contains 55% to 60% methane which is inflammable. It also contains 30% to 35% carbon dioxide and traces of Nitrogen, Hydrogen and Water. Bio slurry which is bye product has manurial value than farm yard manure
- To provide fuel for cooking purposes and organic manure to rural households through family type biogas plants
- To mitigate drudgery of rural women ,reduce pressure on forests and accentuate social benefits
- To improve sanitation in villages by linking sanitary toilets with biogas plants
Usage of biogas
Biogas can be used in a specially designed burner for cooking. A biogas plant of 2 cum. capacity is sufficient for providing cooking fuel to a family of 4 members.
Gas lamps can be fueled by biogas. The requirement of gas for powering a 100 candle lamp (60 W) is 0.13 cum. per hour.
Power Generation :
Biogas can be used to operate a dual fuel engine and can replace upto 80% of diesel.
(1). Central Subsidy :
|Capacity of the Biogas plant (Cum)||General (Rs.)||Additional for attaching toilet (Rs.)|
|1 to 2||5000||1000|
|3 to 6||9000|
(2). Turn-Key Job Fee : The amount of turn-key job fee is Rs. 1500/- per plant with guarantee of five years from the date of installation.
(3). Repair charges for old non-functional plants: Financial support is given up to a maximum of 50 per cent of the rate of Central subsidy as applicable for a given category of beneficiary and area for repair of plants, which have been